理查德·迈耶在罗兰塞克:向博物馆第三大赞助人致敬

  • 来源:建筑创作
  • 关键字:博物馆,装修,艺术之路
  • 发布时间:2013-08-22 14:34

  Richard Meier in Rolandseck: Homage to our third museum patron

  Oliver Kornhoff阿普博物馆总监

  By Oliver Kornhoff, Director of the Arp Museum

  Hans Arp曾说“梦想家能变不可能为可能。”阿普博物馆就是以其名字命名的。

  实际上,多年来,当代博物馆资深建筑师理查德·迈耶一直想要对阿普博物馆进行装修和重建的愿望只不过是一个梦。但有时候,“美梦”也会成真。

  博物馆建筑自2007年对外开放以来,理查德·迈耶就已成为第三大赞助人,仅次于Hans Arp和Sophie Taeuber-Arp。因此,邀请“三大”赞助人前来参加本次“建筑”主题年会,颇有意义。值此博物馆开业五周年之际,特展出理查德·迈耶主要作品(“理查德·迈耶,艺术建筑”展)以示庆祝。

  从德国人文景观角度来说,迈耶的项目不可或缺。自上世纪七十年代末以来,迈耶在欧洲设计了七个博物馆和展览馆,其中四个都在德国。阿普博物馆是其最近刚完成的德国文化建筑。所有由迈耶设计的建筑都有一个共同点:建筑的理念似一首音乐、一个雕塑或一幅画。

  因此,他的建筑不仅仅是实物的累加,而是“建筑艺术”。他所有的建筑中,白色的选用至关重要。几乎所有的迈耶建筑都采用亮白色设计,以突出艺术的统一性和自主性。在罗兰塞克·迈耶的建筑同样注重突出建筑本身。他公开展示的建筑漫步先让游客穿过繁忙铁路线下的地下通道,随后步入一个用装饰混凝土墙围筑的宽阔、雷状地下通道。将游客引至莱茵河谷山坡,再乘坐玻璃电梯升至40米后进入博物馆建筑。因此,进入馆内一览艺术品的路线和顺序好似一条通往艺术之路。

  迈耶还通过透明建筑围护结构将建筑与自然景观联系在一起,使展览楼层全部朝向莱茵河谷。河流全景体现不断变化的季节和日光旋律。故此,不断变化的本质成为建筑不可或缺的一部分。

  这种独特的风格不仅在于建筑本身,而且造就了博物馆内的展览品。迈耶的建筑就是一个舞台,让人与所展作品对话。因为“游客在穿过博物馆时如何看待和理解建筑,如何感受所展艺术品亦为时空的一部分,既新鲜又刺激。”这对他很重要。这种联系和关联就是艺术家理查德·迈耶最初需要创建和传达的。

  罗兰塞克火车站阿普博物馆给游客以特殊的体验。博物馆不仅是宏伟的展览场地,而它本身就是一件珍贵的展览品,穿梭其间,亲自感受迈耶的思想与理念。

  1990年,理查德·迈耶在提及罗兰塞克火车站阿普博物馆设计时,这样写道:“我们同心协力想要建造一样非常特殊的东西。Hans Arp将引以为傲。”

  如今,我想每个人都可以说:“是的,我们做到了!”

  Hans Arp, after whom the museum is named, once wrote “The dreamer is able to make eggs as large as houses dance.”

  Actually for many years it seemed no more than a dream to get Richard Meier, a leading architect of contemporary museums, for the renovation and construction of the new Arp Museum Bahnhof Rolandseck. But sometimes “big” dreams become true.

  Since the opening of the museum building in 2007, Richard Meier has become a third patron of our museum next to Hans Arp and Sophie Taeuber-Arp. It was therefore a great pleasure to bring together our “three” patrons in one annual theme“ Architecture”. Five years after the museum‘s opening to celebrate our anniversary with a major exhibition about Richard Meier (“Richard Meier. Building as Art”).

  From the point of view of the cultural landscape of Germany Meier’s projects are indispensable. Since the late 1970‘s Meier designed seven museums and exhibition buildings in Europe, four of them were planned in Germany. The Arp Museum is his most recently completed German cultural building. All Meier buildings have in common the idea of an architecture which is composed like a piece of music, like a sculpture or a painting.

  Therefore his architecture is always more than a pragmatic act of addition; his architecture is ’Baukunst‘. For all his architecture the use of the color white is of crucial importance. Almost all of Meier’s buildings are designed in a bright white color that emphasizes their artistic sovereignty and autonomy. In Rolandseck Meier‘s architecture also underlines its quality to stage itself. His spectacular promenade architectural eleads visitors first through an underpass beneath the busy railway line. Followed by a spacious, mine-like underground passage enclose with architectural concrete walls. This leads the visitor into the Rhine-valley hillside, before floating forty meters up in a glass elevator to enter the museum building. Therefore the path and sequence to art becomes a path through art.

  Meier also includes and connects the building with the landscape through the transparent building envelope, which opens the exhibition floor entirely to the Rhine valley. The panoramic view of the river displays the changing rhythm of the seasons and sunlight. By consequence, the ever changing nature becomes an integral part of the architecture.

  This distinctive style characterizes not only the building itself, but also forms the exhibitions shown in his museum. Meier’s architecture is/forms the stage and enters into dialogue with the works exhibited. Because it is important to him, “how the visitor sees and understands the building when passing through, how he experiences the art displayed as part of the space, always new, always different.” This connection and relationship at the eye level is what the artist Richard Meier wanted to create in the first place.

  The Arp Museum Bahnh of Rolandseck offers visitors a very special experience. The museum is not only a spectacular venue for exhibitions, but its own prominent exhibit piece - one to walk through, to literally experience Meier‘s principles first hand.

  In 1990 Richard Meier wrote about the design of the Arp Museum Bahnhof Rolandseck“ Together we want to construct some thing very special. Hans Arp will be proud.”

  Today I guess one can say, “Yes we did!”

……
关注读览天下微信, 100万篇深度好文, 等你来看……
阅读完整内容请先登录:
帐户:
密码: