台湾大学社会科学院大楼

  • 来源:建筑创作
  • 关键字:台湾大学,社会科学院大楼,图书馆
  • 发布时间:2014-04-11 15:01

  与传统之间的调和与革新,这是耳熟能详的一句话,对于历史悠久的台大建筑而言,更可谓是再重要不过的一句话吧。

  Harmony and innovation within tradition is a phrase we often hear, but no words can describe the architectural design of the prestigious National Taiwan University.

  台湾大学社会科学院大楼分为两栋。一栋是以八层楼的教室、研究室、会议室为主所构成的建筑,另外一栋则是楼层较低的图书馆楼。针对这两栋建筑,都必须思考该如何融入现有的校园肌理中。对于这项要求,我们彻底考虑了环境条件,沿着外部道路配置了长达168 米的教学楼,串连中庭,然后在中庭内尽可能压低图书馆楼的高度。

  The College of Social Sciences of the National Taiwan University is divided into two buildings. One building has 8 stories above ground comprising classrooms, study rooms, faculty rooms and a conference room, and the other building is the library. Everyone has been askingabout how the two buildings respond to the existing campus context. The answer would be that the allocation of the 168m long teachingbuilding together with other surrounding buildings frame an internal courtyard, with the library building positioned within the courtyard asa low volume, expressing our consideration for the contextual environment.

  教学楼的上方,沿着中央走廊,左右两侧配置的是研究室,面向马路侧与面向校园侧的楼面,各有其门面特色。同时在这两侧配置了与二层和三层通高的宽敞空间。透过这些挑高空间,将面长高耸的建筑分段处理,赋予其人性尺度。

  The study room is on both sides of the central corridor on top of the teaching building, and faces both the roadside and campus. Largedouble-height and triple-height sky terraces are built on each side. This tall and long building is punctuated by these sky terraces, breakingthe tall and long building down to a human scale.

  各研究室、教室都设有露台,使立面富有深度。在挑高空间的纵向墙面,以三种大地色系,衬映与突显出建筑物整体的浅米色调。这样的配色规划,正是为了与校园内的砖瓦与磁砖外观产生调和感的结果。

  Each faculty room and classroom has a terrace giving depth to the facade. In addition, the three earth-tone colors painted on the wallsa long the depth of the sky terraces accentuate the light beige color of the entire building. This color scheme was chosen to harmonize with the surrounding tiles and bricks on campus.

  此外,教学楼在露台的遮荫效果下,不但遮蔽了直接入射的阳光,同时也充分考虑到如何结合挑高与走廊,让水平、垂直方向皆能保持良好通风。除此之外,配置在三层中央会议室周边的大型挑高空间也种植树木,象征着向大自然敞开怀抱的建筑概念。

  The canopy effect of the terrace on the teaching building blocks the direct rays of the sun, and the corridor and atrium were combined to ensure proper ventilation from both the horizontal and vertical directions. Around the conference center located in the center of the third floor, trees are planted in a large atrium, which further symbolizes the concept of architecture that opens to nature.

  另一方面,图书馆楼的特色在于树木般的结构体。约50 米见方的方形平面空间内林立着涂成纯白的细柱,从各根柱子所支撑起的莲叶形屋顶缝隙之间,自然光线柔和扩散开来,创造出人在树荫下读书的氛围。

  The library building is characterized by a tree structure. Slender pillars are painted in pure white on a plane of about 50 square meters,and natural light spreads softly from the lotus leaf roof which is supported by each column giving the library users an impression of reading under a shady tree.

  这些柱子的位置与屋顶的形状乃是透过几何学来加以描绘,由3 个中心点扩散出的莲花图形而决定。因此,越是靠近中心点,柱子分布密度越高,离中心点越远,分布密度越加稀疏。藉由这些柱子不同疏密的分布,创造出场域的差异感,为空间营造出大自然的气氛,让人彷佛置身于树林间,而非处于建筑物内部。

  The shape of the roof and the positioning of the columns were geometrically determined from patterns that resemble lotus flower petals,extending outwards from three center points. The area near to these centers will have columns positioned at closer proximity to each other, whereas in areas away from these centers the columns are further apart. The difference in column density allows spatial definition,creating a sense of place that resembles being within a forest rather than being inside a building.

  以玻璃环绕的四周,有水流通过,缓和了来自地面的反射热。同时将屋顶形状的几何学,延伸到水岸旁的植栽、水池、步道的图案上。

  The water flowing around the four sides enclosed in glass softens the reflection of heat from the ground. Around the water, the geometrically determined roof form extends outwards to the surrounding water and landscape design.

  透过以上的做法,台湾大学社会科学院大楼运用了潜存于自然界的几何学,由意境的表现与节能的两个角度,为这座拥有悠久传统的校园带来创新。

  In this manner, the architecture of the College of Social Sciences of the National Taiwan University has brought innovation to the traditional campus using the geometry found in nature in terms of representation and energy efficiency.

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