- 来源:建筑创作 smarty:if $article.tag?>
- 关键字:松本,艺术馆 smarty:/if?>
- 发布时间:2014-04-11 15:57
The Matsumoto Performing Arts Centre is comprised of one small and one large performance hall and is located in Matsumoto City，Nagano Prefecture， on the site of the former theatre in the city center. The plan was drawn up for a competition among ten designteams. The larger hall， which seats 1800， was required to accommodate opera performances for the annual summer Saito KinenFestival， as well as a variety of theatrical performances and other events. Smaller local events and citizens’ meetings are housed inthe more intimate space of the 240 seat hall. In addition， the facility includes rehearsal rooms and studios that serve as venues fora wide variety of activities. The biggest challenge was in finding a way to fit the entire program into an unusually shaped site thatstretches from north to south like a wine bottle. The area surrounding the site has a high groundwater level and there are many homesusing this well water， we had to avoid using that well water. The site width and other conditions， including the diagonal placementof the road， necessitated that the larger hall run along the southern side of the site. Although intuitively this would have placed thestage at the back edge of the site， such a configuration would turn the back of the building toward the residential area to the south.What is worse， in order to secure enough space for the loading zone for the stage， it would be necessary to widen the southern roadand remove all existing trees. After studying a variety of patterns we came up with the idea of turning the hall around and placing the stage in the center. This configuration places the seating area and surrounding foyer on the south side of the site， alleviating the problem of front and back with respect to the neighboring residential area. Moreover， since the loading area has moved to center， itallowed preserving all the existing trees. An entranceway with a gentle sloping staircase into the foyer and the smaller hall were thenplaced along the site’s northern edge and a lobby space for relaxing was inserted between the large and small halls. The roof abovelobby and foyer serves as a rooftop garden， and each rehearsal room is arranged facing the rooftop garden. By reversing the directionof the large hall we were able to create a fluid design without a front or a back， transforming the architecture into a park-like space.Our design was unanimously selected as 1st prize by the competition jury and also highly honored by the client who was seriouslyconcerning about the relation between site and program.
Although some changes were added to the original scheme during the designing progress， it still reflects our original proposal at the time of competition. The major change we did was to the exterior wall that wraps up the building. Initially， for the competition， we proposed a milkywhite double glass glazing for the building. After beginning the actual design process however， we realized that the surroundings were notuniformly attractive and that the interior spatial sequence leading up to the theatre deserved a more remarkable and inspiring fa.ade. Wewanted something that “used the same system and materials to create a lighting situation responsive to a variety of sequences，” and whichwould give “not a geometric impression， but a random and natural one.” The glass-inlaid GRC panels that we finally chose introduce softlight into the interior through randomly placed glass. The lighting shifts according to the amount of glass and the orientation of the outerwalls to create a variety of places within a fluid and continuous space， beckoning visitors on towards the theatre.