多摩美术大学图书馆

  • 来源:建筑创作
  • 关键字:多摩美术大学,图书馆,美术
  • 发布时间:2014-04-11 16:23

  多摩美术大学图书馆是一所位于东京郊外的美术大学的图书馆。建筑的正门前有一个种满了植物的庭院和一个小斜坡。在建设图书馆之时,需要保证有足够的可以保存全校图书的空间这一要求自然不用说,而设计更加强烈的要求新图书馆可以有加强全校师生在公共空间交流的功能。

  This is a library for an art university located in the suburbs of Tokyo. Facing the main entrance gate, the site lies behind a front garden with trees and stretches up a gentle slope. In addition to enriching the library space for the entire campus, from the early stages of planning itwas strongly requested that we create a space capable of enhancing communication between students and professors.

  因此,在图书馆一楼的外面设计修建了一条广阔的长廊,作为学生们可以自由通行和散步的场所。(一楼的设计)采用了和建筑前的斜坡相协调的室内倾斜装饰,给人一种建筑和前面花园的风景相连续的感觉。这块空间可以作为演讲场所使用,也可以让同学们在休息时在此享受咖啡。二楼里面充满了混凝土制的拱形。这些拱形都是比较缓和的弧度,并相互交汇在一起。为了使这些拱形的混凝土厚度可以薄一些,采用了在中间部位夹上钢筋然后在两侧使用混凝土的特殊构造。采用这样的结构,虽然拱形底部非常纤细,但是却能让这些拱形牢固地和地面相接(并承受建筑的重量)。拱形的跨度从1.8米到16米不等,但是厚度全都是200毫米。这些交汇的拱形把空间自然柔和地分为各个不同而又保持连续的区域。在这里面分布有连绵的书架和供阅览的书桌。

  Our first idea was to create a wide open gallery space on the ground level separate from the library that would serve as an active thoroughfare for people crossing the campus on the way to other buildings. This gallery has the same grade as the site and createsthe sensation that the sloping terrain and the front garden’s scenery continue within the building. The space can be used for lectures,performances and as a café for students to get together and relax. Series of continuous concrete arches shroud both floors, crisscrossingeach other as they trace gentle curved lines. To minimize the concrete thick ness of these arches, we adopted a special structural systemin which center steel plates are sandwiched on both sides by a layer of concrete. This construction system allowed the cross joint columnsto connect to ground in an extremely slim shape; the spans of the arches vary from 1.8 to 16 meters, but the thickness is kept to a uniform200mm. By the crossing of these arches, the space is gently divided,yet continuous. Bookshelves and reading tables with undulating forms stretch through the space.

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