座·高圆寺剧场

  • 来源:建筑创作
  • 关键字:高圆寺,剧场,伊东丰雄
  • 发布时间:2014-04-11 16:51

  (座·高圆寺剧场)是通过对旧的高圆寺会馆改造后建成的一个剧场。基地位于住宅区,靠近JR中央快速线高圆寺站。因为必需的储藏室,以及建筑的高度限制,所以整幢建筑的约三分之二的部分都在地下。地上的部分作为小剧场以及咖啡馆、办公室来使用,在考虑了周围的环境状况和隔音效果之后,(伊东丰雄)提出了一个封闭的剧场设计,外墙和屋顶是钢板和混凝土,虽然很薄却很坚固。此外,设计纵向叠加的剧场,必须要注重每个剧场之间互相的隔音性,因此,地板、墙壁、天花板都是采用了具有绝缘性的浮隔构造。

  ZA-KOENJI is a public theatre, and it is a replacement of the old Koenji Hall. It is located within a residential district near JR Koenji station in Tokyo. With strict height restrictions, only the main small theatre(“ZA-KOENJI 1”), the cafeteria and the office are located above ground level, while the rest of the programs are placed in the basement levels. Taking into consideration the surrounding context and acousticrequirements within the building, we deliberately proposed a ‘closed’ space that resembles a tent cabin, with both its walls and roof beingconstructed of Steel Plate Rein forced Concrete, providing sufficient stability and yet remain extremely thin. In addition, as each hall isvertically stacked upon each other within a narrow site, sufficient sound insulation is essential to enable good acoustic performances.Therefore a floating structural system has been adopted, with every floor slab, wall and ceiling being insulated from its main structural frame.

  座·高圆寺剧场的一楼有一个比屋顶较高的、专门性的小剧场,像一个正方体的黑箱子以适应各种各样的舞台需求。(观众)从前面的广场进入正门,接着走过门厅、剧场内部以及装卸货入口,在这个过程中,都不会碰到任何阶梯,畅通无阻。座·高圆寺剧场的地下二楼主要是提供给外界租用,采用的是规格化的舞台设计,建成的是利于(资历较浅的)初次使用的人来租用的平民会馆。同样是在地下二楼,还设计了主要用来练习阿波舞(日本传统舞蹈)的阿波舞大厅。这个大厅十分宽敞,也可以用来开音乐发表会和演唱会。

  “ZA-KOENJI 1” is a highly specialized theatre for professionals. This cubic black box can flexibly correspond to various types of stage sets.Seamless circulation is available from the front square to the entrance, the lobby, the theater’s interior, and to the delivery yard. “ZA-KOENJI2” (civic hall) is situated on basement level 2. It is designed to be a rentable stage for general public usage. An ‘end stage’ style has beenemployed especially for general users that are not familiar with theatrical operations. There is also an Awa Odori Hall on basement level2, designed for practices of the specific performance, one of the Japanese Bon Festival Dances (during the Awa Odori festival). This hallmade use of its maximum volume in order to also meet the requirements for musical concerts and performances.

  地下三楼主要是提供道具和服装的制作、技艺的练习、视效与声效制作等设备,以及排练室、工作室、剪接室等。

  Large props and costume production studios, rehearsal rooms, film and music editing rooms are also available on basement level 3,meeting requirements for stage sets of various purposes and sizes.

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