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- 发布时间:2014-07-18 12:56
Memories of Sino-France Architecture Exchange Interview with Zou Huan
School of Architecture， Tsinghua University
AC： In the 50th anniversary of diplomatic relations between China and France， we AchiCreationwill launch a special issue on France， introducing five innovative French architects to readers.
Zou Huan： The 50th anniversary of Sino-France diplomatic relations is celebrated with a series of grandactivities， among which some related exhibitions and performances are undergoing. In France， architectureis honored as an important part of culture. Early in 1995， an exhibition on French architecture was heldwhen the Building of the School of Architecture of Tsinghua University was just completed. It was alsoplanned by Diana Chan Chieng， as the first exhibition on modern French architecture in China. Totally fivearchitects of three generations were involved and all of them held a lecture respectively. That exhibitionwas very successful.
AC： In the late 1990s， a large number of young Chinese architects went to France for exchange andyou were among them. Share with us some of your experience during that time.Zou Huan： In 1997， the French President at that time， Mr. Chirac visited China and brought up a planon architecture exchange， specifically， welcoming 50 Chinese architects to study in France. Since 1998，
50 Chinese architects went to France in three batches and two modes： the long-term (one year) and theshort-term (3 months). I then joined in the long-term project in 1998. Three years later， attendants ofthe exchange plan further grew to 150 Chinese architects. Almost all those 150 attendants were fromthe best architecture design institutes and the schools of architectures of universities and most of themresumed their work in China after the program， making a great difference on the architecture design inChina. This way of culture spreading is of great wisdom and insight. Instead of seeking quick success andinstant benefits， it makes tacit influence through education. In 2005， a summing-up forum and exhibitionwas held in Tongji Univestiy when the whole exchange project came to an end. The one left me a deepimpression is that Paul Andreu stood out in the design competition of the National Grand Theatre in1998. Later on， another French architect won the bidding of campus planning of Zhuhai University in1999. It seems that since then French architects began to exert an influence on China. Now in Chinamany theatres are constructed based on the designs of Paul Andreu. France indeed has a remarkableability in spreading architectural culture.
AC： How were those 50 architects in France trained？
Zou Huan： The long-term exchange lasted one year and attendants then had to cultivate their languagefirst. We were firstly trained on French in Capital Normal University and then studied curriculums in aFrench architecture school. While studying， we also had many opportunities of internship in many firms.
The short-term exchange lasted three months and attendants mostly practiced in some famous firms andFrench state-owned large design institutes with English as their exchange language.
AC： How did France organize and manage this plan？
Zou Huan： France bore all the studyingand living costs of Chinese architects in France and the Ministryof Culture of France also established an organization， “l‘Observatoire de l’Architecture de la Chine Zou Huan， obtained his PhD in 2006 at Tsinghua and became associate professor of the School of Architecture of Tsinghua University. In 1998， hewent to the School of Architecture Paris-Villemin for further study as one of the first “150 Chinese architects in France” in the Sino-France culturalexchange program. In 2007， he went to at Sciences Po Paris for academic research and exchange as a visiting scholar. In 2007， He has written andpublished a book 40-Year Urban Planning in France and several articles on the planning of French cities as The Master Plan for the Ile-de-France，Policies and means of protection of heritage in the Marais. He recalled the cultural exchange between China and France in the exclusive interview ofAC (ArchiCreation) on June 5， 2014.
Contemporaine“， to specially take charge of the selection， evaluation and all the transactional works ofthose Chinese architects in France. The architectural exchange project was also closely followed by anexchange plan on urban planning， which was mainly for short-term training.
AC： At that time， international exchanges between China and other countries were not frequent.
But now， there are many of these opportunities.
Zou Huan： Yes. Nowadays many exchange opportunities shall owe to the relationships and foundationsestablished at that time. For example， the School of Architecture of Tsinghua University and ENSAPLV(Ecole Nationale Supérieure d‘Archietcture de Paris La Villette) have established a fixed exchangemechanism and there will be various academic exchanges between them annually.
AC： In the past， this kind of opportunity was quite rare， as 15 years ago there was a wide gapbetween the domestic and international environment. Such exchange plan would definitely bring ahuge impact. But now， international exchanges are frequent. Besides， internet also makes the worldsmaller and global information within touch. Under this circumstance， many people would doubton the effect of international exchanges. On the one hand， international exchange gets commonfor Chinese architects and architecture students and it can no long bring as great an influence as adozen years ago. On the other hand， it is still a problem worthy of considering whether the foreignexperience can be used into the reality of China. What’s your opinion on that？
Zou Huan： For me， the studyingexperience in France made an great influence on my thinking， forexample， helping me to find new way to recognize and solve problems. Exchange opportunity was quiterare in the past， thus people cherished it much more and studied forcefully and arduously. Nowadays，as the opportunity increases， deep exchanges decrease conversely. Attendants in different modes andattitudes may understand things differently. The foreign method may not solve Chinese problems，but superficial study may be one of the reasons for that.
AC： Well， what influence did that one-year study in France make on you？ Did you feel it like anotherlife when just returned China？
Zou Huan： Changes happen rapidly in China and it is indeed that I need to study to adapt myself to it afterspending a long time abroad. Anyway， one year is not too long a period. The way to analyze and recognizethe relationship between city and buildings is the one influenced me the most among all the things I‘veseen and learned in France. The French urban analysis method provides me another perspective onarchitecture and urban problems and I can find out more clues to analyze and solve these problems.
In terms of teaching， the selection of specific curriculums of the French teachers is also worthy of learning.
AC： While formulating the special issue on France， we felt quite difficult to clearly sort out a clue ofFrench modern architecture.
Zou Huan： French architecture is not strongly systematic， as their culture stresses more on freedom andindividuality. For example， Jean Nouvel is appreciated in France for originality and innovation of hiscreation and not the quantity or size of his works.
Interviewer： Wang Shuzhan， Shen Si / Editor： Shen Si / French corrector： Zou Huan